This story is part of a 2016 Kansas elections collaboration involving the KHI News Service, KCUR, KMUW, Kansas Public Radio and High Plains Public Radio.
Primary losses by a Senate Republican leader and a slew of Johnson County conservatives Tuesday night will swing the Kansas Legislature back toward the center. Moderate Republicans won eight state Senate races against more conservative opponents, ousting six incumbents.
Senate Majority Leader Terry Bruce, a conservative Republican from Hutchinson, had aspirations of being the next Senate president. But former community college president Ed Berger defeated him handily in what was perhaps the most surprising result of the night.
“We’re just a bunch of amateurs putting this campaign together,” said Berger, who took 57 percent of the vote, unofficially. “Nobody really had any experience with campaigns, but people were very dedicated to making it happen and that was the difference right there. They wanted to change Kansas and they were committed to making that happen.”
Bruce has been a political ally of Gov. Sam Brownback, and several moderate Republicans say his loss and others signal statewide discontent with the governor and the tax cuts he spearheaded that preceded an ongoing budget crisis.
Sen. Larry Powell, Sen. Tom Arpke, Sen. Forrest Knox, Sen. Jeff Melcher and Sen. Greg Smith also are among conservative incumbents who appear to have lost their seats in election results that still have to be verified by election canvassers. Moderates picked up two other Kansas Senate nominations in open primaries in which conservative senators decided not to run for reelection.
Rep. Barbara Bollier, a moderate Republican from Mission Hills running for a Senate seat, said the voters sent a message to the governor that it’s time to ditch the quest to zero out the state’s income tax and form a plan that ensures Kansas has enough revenue to run a “decent, appropriate government.”
“It’s a huge change,” said Bollier, who was unopposed in Tuesday’s primary but faces a Democratic challenger in the general election. “I think Sam’s going to have to acknowledge that and figure it out.”
Bruce, in a statement to the Wichita Eagle, said, “The voters have spoken and they wanted to go in a new direction.” He then congratulated Berger and thanked his constituents for electing him to three Senate terms.
Tuesday’s moderate Republican victories cut deeply into the Senate’s conservative voting majority and may have reversed it in the House, especially if Democrats pick up a few more seats in November. Moderates and Democrats regularly teamed up to block right-wing legislation until conservative challengers purged the Senate of most of its moderates in the 2012 Republican primaries.
Sen. Vicki Schmidt and Sen. Carolyn McGinn, two moderates who survived that election, both warded off conservative challengers again Tuesday.
Senate President Susan Wagle, a Republican from Wichita who was unopposed Tuesday, released a statement saying “many of the primaries were hard-fought, but I am confident Republicans will unite this fall to keep Kansas conservative.”
Wagle is generally conservative but had expressed some openness to changing a portion of the governor’s signature tax plan that exempted more than 300,000 business owners from paying any income tax.
Wagle said she heard the “anger and frustration” voters expressed Tuesday.
“I look forward to working with Republican nominees to offer Kansans a vision for the state that includes a return to fiscally-responsible balanced budgeting — something I have long called for, a tax code that is fairer to all Kansans while keeping taxes low and a focus on the state reforms needed to compete for new jobs and opportunities,” Wagle said.
“It makes me more confident we will sit down and work on a solution. We’re going to have people who want to solve the problem there.”
“It makes me more confident we will sit down and work on a solution. We’re going to have people who want to solve the problem there.”- Rep. Susie Swanson, a moderate Republican from Clay Center
Moderate Republicans this year held out for more wholesale changes to the Brownback tax cuts — what several of them termed “real revenue reform.”
In the House, Rep. Susie Swanson, a moderate Republican from Clay Center, defeated conservative challenger and former state school board member Kathy Martin on Tuesday.
She also predicted serious tax talks in the Legislature’s future after it became clear that several conservative colleagues who resisted rolling back the Brownback tax plan would not be returning.
“It makes me more confident we will sit down and work on a solution,” Swanson said. “We’re going to have people who want to solve the problem there.”
Democrats have fielded candidates for all 40 Senate seats and many House races this year, creating a possibility of a further shift away from the conservative majority in the November general elections.
There also was some shakeup at the federal level, where U.S. Rep. Tim Huelskamp lost his Republican primary race to Great Bend physician Roger Marshall by more than 10 percentage points. Marshall got the backing of large farming and ranching groups after Huelskamp lost his seat on the U.S. House Agriculture Committee.