House and Senate tax negotiators today reached agreement on a plan that would trim state income and sales taxes and provide some local property tax relief.
A tax-cutting provision previously passed by the House that would have eliminated the sales tax on food was not included in the package.
The plan would allow low-income, working Kansans to continue to claim the Earned Income Tax Credit, which Gov. Sam Brownback proposed eliminating. Or they could get a refund for taxes paid for food purchases, but they couldn't claim the refund and the earned income credit.
Legislative staffers now are putting together details of the plan and determining the potential fiscal impact on the state treasury, if the plan were to become law.
Those details are expected to be completed for review by the conference committee members on Monday. Presumably, the conference committee report would be finalized then and the measure could go first to the full Senate for consideration and then to the House, if it gains the upper chamber's endorsement.
Other elements of the plan:
- The current 6.3 percent state sales tax is scheduled to drop to 5.7 percent in July 2013. The agreed-to plan would keep that scheduled reduction intact. The governor had proposed keeping the sales tax at its current rate to help pay for his plan to reduce income taxes.
- The plan would reduce the top income tax rate from 6.45 percent to 4.9 percent and leave tax filers in one of two brackets. Currently, the state has three income tax brackets.
- The proposal would allows deductions for mortgage interest and charitable contributions but only for filers who also itemize on federal returns and whose deductions would exceed the current standard deductions.
- The majority of itemized deductions would be repealed.
- About $45 million would be provided to local governmental units in 2013 to help ease local property levies.
- Renters no longer would be allowed to use the homestead exemption program, which is used mostly by older taxpayers or the disabled earning about $30,000 a year. But the program's eligibility would be expanded to make it available to those with slightly higher earnings.
- By 2017, taxes on business income for sole proprietors, limited liability partnerships and subchapter S corporations would be phased out. For the qualifying businesses, earnings up to $100,000 would be exempt in tax years 2013 and 2014; earnings up to $250,000 would be exempted starting in 2015 and then all earnings would be exempt by 2017.
On Wednesday, a group of 48 former GOP legislators called a press conference urging the governor and Legislature to rethink their plans to cut income taxes, saying that would shift more of the cost of government to poor and middle-income Kansans through greater reliance on sales and property taxes. Reduced income taxes also would undermine public school funding, they said.
"Property taxes now make up 35 percent (of state revenue)," said Rochelle Chronister, the group's chief spokesperson, "sales and use taxes almost 28 percent, income and privilege taxes almost 24 percent, leaving other miscellaneous taxes around 13 percent. The ideal balance would be one-third apiece, according to many tax experts, and Kansas is already out of balance with that concept."
The governor and others who support reducing or eliminating income taxes say that would lead to business and job growth.
When Brownback unveiled his plan to reduce the top rate to 4.9 percent, he said it would give Kansas the lowest top rate in the six-state region, second only to Colorado. Kansas currently has the fourth highest rate in the region that includes it, Colorado, Oklahoma, Missouri, Nebraska and Iowa. The highest top rate is 8.98 percent in Iowa. Colorado's rate is 4.63 percent, according to the Governor's Office.
The KHI News Service is an editorially independent initiative of the Kansas Health Institute. It is supported in part by a variety of underwriters. The News Service is committed to timely, objective and in-depth coverage of health issues and the policy-making environment. All News Service stories and photos may be republished at no cost with proper attribution, including a link back to KHI.org when a story is reposted online. An automatically updated feed of headlines and more from KHI can be included on your website using the KHI widget. More about the News Service at khi.org/newsservice or contact us at (785) 233-5443.